Thursday, November 3, 2016

The Cosmological Constant and Racing Chaos Potentials

According to my theory, Anti-Space would effectively drive the human race and the universe to a "point of no return" ... signaling the end of existence as we know it. Fortunately, Anti-Space or Anti-Energy Potential is held back by the Cosmological Constant. According to Wikipedia, the Cosmological Constant was introduced by Albert Einstein in 1917. It is a factor that maintains a "static universe" which is balanced despite gravitational forces that would cause the universe to collapse-in on itself.

Edwin Hubble proved that Einstein was wrong about his static universe assumption along with the cosmological constant "correction-factor" for gravity ... and Hubble showed through experimental evidence and mathematics that the universe is expanding. Einstein later admitted that his static universe assumption was "the biggest blunder of his life" ... This blunder exists as his failure to acknowledge an expanding universe.

Funny thing is that we still use Einstein's cosmological constant. Scientists found that even though the universe is expanding, they still needed a "correction factor" in order to balance the effects of different "energies" or different "potentials" in the universe.

Although it is not quite intuitive, I think the observer contributes to this Cosmological Constant or balancing equation with "energies" which can be considered as mental spaces which can also exists as mental potentials or mental “energies” or in the universe. I also think mental potentials follow wave mechanics and quantum mechanics ideas…and can be applied to Einstein's theory of relativity -- in particular, these mental potentials exist relative to the observer … and the observer can be considered as the individual who is creating these mental potentials (which can be considered as expanded waveforms in a quantum mechanics context -- more on this in Appendix Q - Potentials, Consciousness, and The Expanded Waveform pg. 105).

I also think that the unique observer can change his or her reality mentally using these mental potentials or mental energies in order to create brand new realities which are all unique realities... making the universe unique realities which are completely determined by the observer. I mentioned a little bit about this in my last post entitled "Einstein's Matter Energy Equivalence and Emerging Mass II.”

Using mathematics, logical reasoning, and wave mechanics; I discovered that mathematical ideas associated with sets and spaces can be used to solve qualitative problems related to balance and unbalance. I also found that physics and chemistry ideas which are associated with disorder can be analyzed with a balancing and unbalancing context and solved mathematically.

In particular, ideas of injustice and evil (which can be thought of as unbalancing ideas) can be solved mathematically; and, they can be thought of as qualitative problems related to desirable and undesirable spaces.

Although it is not quite intuitive, I think that undesirable space can be attributed to Anti-Space or High Entropy Spaces. I also believe that Anti-Space is a natural phenomenon that is addressed by the Cosmological Constant as an Anti-Energy (essentially a vacuum frequency contributing to a frequency distortion).

According to my theory, Energy (essentially Space) is almost always created as a response to Anti-Energy (essentially AntiSpace) in an attempt to satisfy a fundamental resonant frequency for the universe. And, the observer plays a key role in this mechanic of creating space. I also think that the observer is always unconsciously creating space in order to balance equations and balance spaces; and, these spaces enable the observer to create unique space realities. All of these spaces are used to balance energy equations which directly contribute to the Cosmological Constant. These unique space realities build a set of many realities or many worlds which are addressed in the mathematics describing the nature of parallel universes. In addition, I believe that all of these space energies can either maintain order in the universe, or race the universe to complete disorder.

Although this moves a little bit out of the scope of the scientific consensus, I think that the universe and the observer are connected through a relationship which allows the observer to communicate with the universe and for the universe to communicate with the observer through a mental mechanism. This relationship is defined by a transparency or logic context creating a possibility space which is the origin of the Neutral Force which exists as a Potential Energy, interacting with Attractive and Repulsive Forces to generate Force Resultants which we understand as forces acting on spaces (see Appendix D pg. 58). Also, I believe that what science considers to be the mind, actually exists as a mental system of awareness and intelligence which exists as 1) the conscious mind, 2) the subconscious mind, and 3) a universe possibility (which is continually expanding and collapsing) … which together have the potential to exist as an all-encompassing infinite mind. The conscious mind simply reduces to an observer seeing ideas inside of a mental world or seeing the reality inside of a physical space which science considers to be the universe. But, I also think that the universe can exist inside of different spaces of various sizes.

According to my theory, these large and tiny universes create a system of parallel universes which ultimately define the physical reality. Modern mathematical ideas defining parallel universes were developed by Erwin Schrodinger [5]. So, you can consider that the observer is either seeing the mind (essentially a mental world) or seeing the universe (essentially a physical world). This behavior of theses spaces is dictated by natural order – logic, cause and effect, and balance. All of this space ultimately shapes the observer’s reality. And, the observer’s reality can exist as any number of possible realities. These realities could be physical realities, dream realities, or any number of possible realities.

Read more of this research in general physics and quantum theory, found in the book Mental Potentials Create Many Realities or Many Worlds

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Einstein's Equivalence Principle and Emerging Mass

The mathematical investigation of calculus ideas associated with position, velocity, and acceleration inspired me to look at the F=ma Idea from another perspective. Essentially F (Force) can be thought of as a mass transfer idea that is derived from a calculation of emerging mass which “comes about” through a calculation of momentum or force. Instead of thinking of mass as continuously persisting as a constant through time, we can think of emerging mass, as “coming about” … “emerging” … or “accumulating” … through movement; where the rest mass is multiplied by a mass multiplier in order to create “more mass” which observers perceive as “more weight” creating “more force”. This mass multiplier can be expressed as a position differential (velocity) or a velocity differential (acceleration). *Where the position differential contributes to a calculation of momentum; and the velocity differential contributes to a calculation of force.

It is more intuitive to think of the mass multiplier as a position differential leading to a momentum calculation based on our everyday interaction(s) with the “weight” of physical objects and physical things. So let’s take a quick moment to investigate the position differential. This position differential can be mathematically expressed as “the point changing in position” with respect to "the point changing in time." This is what we express with calculus; and, we express this position differential as velocity in general physics.

What is not so obvious, is that a moving mass can be “thought of” as oscillating with a “velocity frequency” and “a mass frequency” (where each frequency or propagating wave, has an associated direction and magnitude.) The rest mass (m) can be considered as the mass frequency which we understand as the mass variable, (m) … and the velocity (v) corresponds to a velocity frequency which we use for the momentum calculation mv. The superposition of the rest mass frequency along with a velocity frequency or velocity oscillation contributes to The Emerging Mass or The Momentum Idea which observers experience as Energy.

For more research in general physics and quantum theory, read the book Mental Potentials Create Many Realities or Many Worlds

Tuesday, November 1, 2016

Does The Atom Really Exist?

Does The Atom Really Exist? According to recorded history, the atom concept was developed by the ancient Greeks and the mathematician Democritus. The Greeks are credited with the discovery of the atom and the atom idea. Essentially, an atom is an indivisible component of matter. Or, it can be thought of as matter in its simplest form. Since it is a component of matter, you would naturally think that it has mass.

This is logical and intelligent reasoning. So the next question is -- what is the mass of an atom? Well if you take the time to investigate, you'll find that scientists designate the terms atomic weight and atomic mass to designate the mass of atoms. You'll also find that atoms can exist as solid metals, noble gases, radioactive materials, or any of a number of different forms or atomic configurations. These different atomic configurations are designated in the Periodic Table Of Elements. The Periodic Table lists atomic numbers and atomic weights for all of the matter in the universe.

OK, this makes sense. But how did scientists come up with the mass of atoms? Good question. Well, I actually didn't know myself, so I had to investigate. I found out that modern science is not so modern after all; and, that teachers, textbooks, and classrooms are no substitute for the critical thinking process. I found out that the mass of an atom is not an actual mass; but, a theoretical mass. The reason why is that we cannot directly observe or directly measure individual atoms. From what I have read, light (essentially photons) interact with atoms introducing a subjective element to the measurement (which of course needs to be objective).

This subjective element is essentially a wave interaction that changes the structural integrity of the atom; and, in many cases, also changes the velocity and position of the atom and/or subatomic particles. This subjective element is addressed in the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle which states that there is a fundamental limit to the precision with which certain pairs of physical properties of a particle, known as complementary variables, such as position x and momentum p, can be known simultaneously [2]. These subjective influences make it virtually impossible to get an objective and accurate measurement of a true atom.

So, if we want to figure out the mass of physical objects in the universe; then, we just use a scale in order to measure its weight/mass. So then we just put an atom on a scale and measure its weight. Of course, we can't do this because atoms are very small; and so, we can't pick them up with our hands. The other problem is that scientific measurement introduces uncertainty. It's hard to believe, but scientists and their ideas can affect experimental results.

To get a better understanding of how the observer introduces subjective elements into an experiment, I suggest that you take a look at the double slit experiment which was an attempt to establish the electron as a particle or a wave.

Unfortunately, the results from the double slit experiment were ambiguous; so, we still don’t really know if an electron exists as a matter or as energy. So, if we can't measure the mass of an atom or see it, then how do scientists come up with atomic mass and atomic weight?

I found out that atomic mass is a theoretical mass and not an actual mass. This theoretical mass is calculated using the force idea along with the mass and acceleration ideas. These ideas give us a relationship that we know of as the mathematical equation F=ma. This force idea and its relationship to the mass idea and acceleration idea constitute Sir Isaac Newton's 2nd Law of Motion. These ideas were developed in the late 1600's. The idea that force is equivalent to multiples of mass helped JJ Thomson calculate the mass of an electron back in the 1800s. This calculation helped scientists come up with atomic mass and atomic weights.

If look up the details on JJ Thomson’s experiment in Figure 1 after the Appendix section in this paper [1a], you will see that he uses the projectile motion equations in order to solve for mass using known quantities of 1.Magnetic Field as Frequency (1/s) ... physically generated by an Electromagnet and 2. Electric Field as an Acceleration or Frequency (m/s2) physically generated by Electric Field Plates.

It is all very confusing; but, there seem to be two different expressions for the mass of the electron (e and m). The mass (m) seems to emerge from a Force Idea based on a projectile, projectile motion, a gravitational field, and F=ma. While the mass (e) seems to emerge from a Force Idea based on an electron, an electric field, and F=Ee. Solving for the ratio of e to m yields the charge to mass ratio.

Also, Thomson is treating electric field as mathematically analogous to the gravitational field; and, the magnetic field seems to have a mathematical derivation based on frequency.

Taking a step back, you will also see that the Electric Field Force and the Magnetic Field Force are treated as Force ideas that are, of course, related to the Mass Idea and the Acceleration Idea (Remember that F=ma is the idea that force is equivalent to multiples of mass.) Using these ideas, Thomson came up with the charge to mass ratio. This is the most accurate measure of theoretical atomic mass that scientist actually have. The actual mass of an atom is unknown and therefore the actual existence of the atom is unknown. We only know of its mathematical existence or theoretical existence.

A Diagram of Robert Milikan's 1906 Oil Drop Experiment Based On JJ Thompson's Mass To Charge Ratio discovered in 1897

For more research in general physics and quantum theory, read the book Mental Potentials Create Many Realities or Many Worlds